How is Merino Wool Made? the Manufacturing Process
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How is Merino Wool Made? the Manufacturing Process

Merino wool products are found in many people’s wardrobes. But do you know how it is made? Here is the manufacturing process of merino wool.

Merino wool is frequently referred to as the most intelligent natural fiber on the market because of its exceptional softness, breathability, and ability to regulate body temperature. Merino is great for layering and wearing next to the skin because it was created to shield sheep from the constantly changing climate in which they live.

But how is merino wool made? In this article, we will delve into the world of merino wool and examine its composition, advantages, and reasons for inclusion in your wardrobe.

How is Merino Wool Made?

Made from the fleece of merino sheep, making merino wool usually involves the following steps:


The first step is to take the wool off the sheep. This is usually done once or twice per year when the weather is hot, and the sheep do not need their “heavy coat.” With clippers or shears, the fleece is delicately cut from the sheep’s body.


Following shearing, a procedure known as skirting is required to sort and grade the fleece. The fleece must also be cleaned of any dirt, burrs, or other impurities during this step.

How is Merino Wool Made? the Manufacturing Process


The merino wool is then cleaned by being washed in sizable drums of water and soap. Scouring is used to effectively remove any lingering dirt, grease, or lanolin from the fleece.


The wool must be carded after it has been cleaned. Large metal rollers with wire brushes are used to move the wool through them, helping to comb the fibers so they all face the same way.


The fibers are then twisted together, either by hand or with the aid of a spinning machine, to create a sturdy yarn.


According to the manufacturer’s instructions, the yarn can accept any color. The fundamental dyeing procedure entails soaking the wool yarn in warm water or a vinegar mixture first, followed by blending it with acid dye.

Weaving Or Knitting

The yarn is knit or woven into the fabric, which is then used to create clothing, blankets, or even carpets. In order to produce merino wool, no chemical processing is necessary. In light of this, it is regarded as a natural, sustainable, and biodegradable fiber.

How is Merino Wool Made? the Manufacturing Process

What is Merino and Where Does It Come From?

Merino is derived from Merino sheep. It is a natural fiber. Among the more than 200 sheep breeds, the Merino is renowned for its fine, soft wool and its capacity to endure harsh environments.

Their wrinkly skins, shaggy fur, and rams with big, curly horns make them easily identifiable. Spanish-bred merino sheep are now found in South Africa, Argentina, Chile, New Zealand, Australia, and Argentina.

Benefits of Merino Wool

Merino wool has the following advantages.


A merino wool garment breathes easily because of the fiber’s structure. This will hasten the evaporation process and guarantee that you stay dry and cool throughout the day. Merino will give the wearer an additional layer of support and comfort in contrast to synthetic fibers, which trap moisture and adhere to the body.

Quick Drying

Merino is a yarn that is lightweight, breathable, and exceptionally quick to dry, making it ideal for use during physical activity because it reduces perspiration and quickly dries any moisture.

Low Maintenance

Merino wool is an incredibly low-effort fiber because of its ability to wick away moisture and resist odor. Your knitwear will need less washing than synthetic fibers and blends, and a simple “freshen up” in between washes will guarantee that your garment endures the test of time.

How is Merino Wool Made? the Manufacturing Process

Odour Resistant

Due to the exceptional wicking properties of merino wool, moisture is drawn away from the skin. You are less likely to perspire and odors are eliminated at the source because of the fiber’s core structure. Long-term, less washing will be necessary for your Merino clothing, extending the life of your knit.

Temperature Regulating

Merino is an active fiber, so the knit will adapt to changes in the wearer’s skin temperature. If it’s cold outside, the ultra-fine fibers will keep you warm, and if it’s hot outside, perspiration can easily evaporate, keeping you cool and dry.


Extra fine Merino is a lightweight, adaptable knit that is suitable for a range of different occasions in addition to trapping heat and controlling temperature. It is the perfect fabric for outdoor activities like walking, climbing, and running because it has all the warmth of a chunkier knit without any of the weight.

The yarn’s suitability for everyday use also makes it ideal for layering beneath your everyday clothing to add an extra layer of comfort and protection.

Ultra-soft and Skin-friendly

Merino wool is the ideal knit for wearing next to the skin because its diameter is 1/5 that of human hair. Contrary to coarser yarns, the fibers will bend out of the way as the wearer moves, so they won’t irritate or aggravate. Merino can even be worn by people with sensitive skin due to its naturally hypoallergenic properties.


Merino is a sustainable, all-natural fiber that, unlike synthetic fibers, can last a lifetime with proper care. Sheep undergo seasonal coat renewal and replenishment at various times throughout the year when they are shorn. In addition to giving the wearer a gorgeously soft garment, not combining our merino with man-made fibers means that, under the right circumstances, your knitwear will eventually biodegrade, releasing carbon-rich nutrients back into the soil.

Conclusion: How is Merino Wool Made?

On farms all over Australia, Merino sheep produce the natural fiber known as merino wool all year long.

Merino wool is a natural fiber grown year-round by Merino sheep, consuming a straightforward mixture of natural ingredients including sunshine, water, fresh air, and grass. In contrast to synthetics, which are industrially produced from non-renewable fossil energy.


Is Merino Wool Ethical?

Over the course of its life, merino requires less frequent washing and uses less water. Additionally, it has the benefit of not dispersing microplastics when washed. All these factors help to make Merino wool a more ethical choice than synthetic alternatives.

Why is Merino So Expensive?

This is a good question but quite simple really: it’s a naturally produced and harvested but relatively rare commodity that has significant costs associated with it. Merino Wool grows “really” slowly. See more about the reasons why merino wool is expensive.

Is Merino Wool Cruelty-Free?

Merino wool is not entirely cruelty-free. While many certified breeders raise their flocks of merino sheep in accordance with moral and cruelty-free standards and gather the wool without using painful or stressful methods, this may not be the case for the majority of other merino breeders.

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