To begin learning to sew, follow the instructions below to become familiar with using a sewing machine.
Sewing can be a fun and rewarding hobby, but it can also appear intimidating at first, regardless of your goals—whether you want to become an expert quilter or just want to work through a few basic sewing patterns.
Learn the fundamentals, such as how to operate a sewing machine and correctly set it up, before you create your first stitch.
Learn Sewing Machine Parts First
How to use a sewing machine by identifying parts:
- On/off switch – To begin, locate the location where the machine is turned on and off. Typically, this is located on the machine’s side.
- Bulb – the needle-shaped lightbulb. Try it, and if the light is not bright enough, you might need to move your machine closer to a window to get some extra natural light.
- Pedal – Your accelerator is the foot pedal used to control the machine.
- The speed limit is enforced by the speed limiter. The ability to switch between high and low speeds is provided by a switch on the foot of some machines.
- Stitches – Stitch buttons of different lengths and widths using zigzag and decorative stitches. While more expensive machines allow you to set length and width independently, many less expensive entry-level sewing machines have preset stitches and lengths. This includes the buttonhole stitch settings.
- Tension wheels – usually at the front or top of the machine. These are crucial for obtaining smooth, even stitching without loops.
- The plate with the stitch guides and the pressing foot.
- Needle and a small screw that holds the needle in place. In order to change needles, you must be aware of this location.
- Bobbin – the covering that lifts to reveal the bobbin’s case and bobbin itself.
- Bobbin tension screws –These are typically located on the bobbin case of front-loading machines.
- Oiling – Not to mention, make sure you have the right oil for your machine and look for the marked oiling points. Before you start spraying oil everywhere, double-check to see if the machine needs oiling. Some newer machines are sealed units and don’t require it.
How to Set Up a Sewing Machine?
Don’t worry if the initial setup of a sewing machine seems intimidating at first; after a few sewing projects, it will feel natural.
- Thread the machine. Before you can begin sewing, you must first thread your sewing machine, which entails guiding the thread from the spool through a few thread guides, take-up levers, or hooks before guiding it through the needle’s eye. When threading for the first time, consult your instruction manual because every machine will differ slightly. If you run into trouble, check your sewing machine’s manual, which is typically printed with small diagrams and instructions. You’ll get the hang of it after a few tries, so don’t worry.
- Load a wound bobbin. A bobbin is an additional spool of thread for your machine that fits in a tiny space under your needle. An arrow on your machine will indicate which direction the bobbin should be positioned for proper unspooling.
- Catch the thread. To be prepared to sew, you must connect the two threads once your top thread and bobbin have been properly positioned. The needle will catch the bobbin thread and pull it back out in a loop if you fully lower it and then raise it again using your needle position knob or button. To grab both thread strands and position them away from the stitching area, slide a flat object, such as a ruler, underneath the needle.
How to Use a Sewing Machine?
You’re ready to start sewing once you’ve set up your sewing machine. Here’s a quick step-by-step of what you can expect:
Read More: What Is A Serger Sewing Machine?
Prepare Your Fabric
Prepare your fabric so that it is ready to sew when you are. The fabric should be lined up with the sewing machine needle, which should be raised. For a smoother stitch, keep the bulk of the fabric on the left side of the sewing machine. Lower the presser foot using the presser foot lever to secure the fabric.
It’s time to get sewing. Ensure that the foot pedal is properly positioned underneath the table. For your first few stitches, hold the threads’ loose ends out of the way to prevent them from slipping back into the fabric. When you’re ready to sew your first stitch, lightly depress the foot pedal.
You must perform a reverse stitch, also known as backstitching, at the start and end of each seam in order to keep the stitches firmly in place and prevent them from being pulled out.
When you begin sewing, the feed dogs will advance the fabric; all you need to do is carefully feed the fabric through the machine as you stitch. Let your sewing machine do the work instead of pulling or tugging the fabric as this can harm the needle.
Reverse Stitch and Continue Sewing
After a few regular stitches, press the button or lever for the reverse stitch and keep it depressed. The sewing direction will be reversed as a result. To secure the seam, perform a few reverse stitches along the stitching line.
To return to regular stitching, turn off the reverse stitch control or take your finger off of it. Sewing should continue until the seam is finished. Reverse stitch the seam a few more times to reinforce it.
Finish the Stitch
Use the hand wheel to lift the needle out of the fabric when you’re done sewing. Lift the presser foot using the presser foot lever, and then take out the fabric. To remove your project from the sewing machine, cut the threads, being careful to leave a small amount of machine-generated thread so you can sew your subsequent seam with ease.
Final Thoughts on Using a Sewing Machine
You’ll enjoy using your new machine sewing skills so much. Learning to use a sewing machine is the first step in an amazing journey because sewing is a wonderfully practical and creative hobby.
It’s not particularly difficult to learn how to use a sewing machine, but it will take some time and effort to become an expert. You’ll find it easier than ever to start your next textile project by following the tips above and consulting the manual that came with your sewing machine.