Learn what is jacquard fabric, how this classic fabric was created, and the advantages of this fabric.
Although the word “jacquard” sounds opulent, what exactly does it mean? When a complex pattern is woven into the warp of a unique mechanical loom, as opposed to being printed on the surface, the result is called a jacquard fabric. The Joseph-Marie Jacquard fabric bears his name because he was the French weaver who developed this technology in 1804.
Here is all the information you need to know about the material. Keep reading.
What Is Jacquard Fabric?
Invented in 1804 by the French textile craftsman Joseph Marie Jacquard, the Jacquard loom is a type of machine loom that is used to weave fabrics. This kind of loom produces fabrics with intricate designs woven right into the material. Because of this, any fabric with woven patterns looks like jacquard, but strictly speaking, only fabrics made with Jacquard looms can be regarded as real examples of this fabric.
Although primarily prized for its ornamental qualities, jacquard is also a fairly sturdy and heavyweight fabric, and it is possible to emphasize these qualities by weaving jacquard with wool or other hardy materials.
Due to its complexity and comparatively high cost, jacquard is less frequently used in casual clothing and is more frequently used by textile manufacturers to create formal clothing like evening wear and men’s suits. This fabric is also sought after for upholstery of furniture and all types of home furnishings, including drapes and duvet covers.
The History Of Jacquard Fabric
Joseph Marie Jacquard inspired the design of the jacquard fabric. In 1804 the French weaver Jacquard is credited with developing the jacquard loom. As a draw boy, Jacquard’s job was to climb up the loom and lift about 30 pounds of weaving reeds. After most of the draw boys became crippled as a result of the poor working conditions, Joseph was driven to find a better solution.
Machines were used to create straightforwardly patterned fabrics in the late 1700s. Using rigid punch cards, Jacquard created his first concept fabric in 1801. In order to refine his idea, Napoleon sent Jacquard to Paris.
By 1804, Jacquard had developed a device that could be used with looms, which greatly aided in the development of the jacquard pattern weave. Punched paper cards were arranged on the programmed jacquard looms to produce specific patterns.
Punch paper cards became more popular for running electronic computers until digital input was invented in the mid-20th century.
Jacquard Fabric Today
Every single type of multi-thread woven fabric—yes, even brocade—is now referred to as a Jacquard fabric because Jacquard and his loom have come to represent them. The term “brocade” is now used to describe a heavier weave fabric with a textured, opulent appearance and a slightly raised pattern that gives the fabric a bit of lift.
A complex pattern is woven into the fabric of damask jacquard, which is typically made of cotton, linen, or silk. In Damask, only one color is used, but the threads are a different fineness, giving the pattern a subtle iridescent appearance.
Consider using jacquard fabrics for furniture, curtains, or other items in your home that will be exposed to a lot of light because they are known for their strength and resistance to fading. Compared to printed fabrics, which have been selectively dyed and can lose color over time from repeated use, they are more color-fast because each individual thread is solution-dyed.
Types Of Jacquard Fabric
To most people, the various jacquard weave fabrics might look similar. These fabrics do, however, have distinguishing qualities. You can learn more about jacquard and its variations by reading the information below.
- Brocade: Brocade is a rich, heavy fabric with raised patterns. The fabric, which is woven with multiple colors, is perfect for creating outfits for special occasions, such as skirts, dresses, coats, and jackets.
- Damask: Silk, cotton, linen, and viscose are all materials used to weave the reversible pattern known as damask. The fabric may be tone-on-tone or have multicolored threads, in which case the pattern and background colors may be reversed from front to back. It feels silkier than brocade and has a lustrous, smooth finish.
- Brocatelle: Although it has more intricate patterns, brocatelle is more similar to brocade. The only way to create its patterns, which have raised, puffy surfaces, is with a jacquard loom.
- Tapestry: Compared to brocade or damask, tapestry fabric is thicker and heavier. However, it can reverse colors and has characteristics that are comparable to Damascus.
- Matalasse: This fabric is made of solid colors and has a raised quilted appearance. Cotton, wool, silk, and viscose are frequently available. Additionally, this fabric is available in a variety of patterns, including floral and graphic designs. It is easily made with a quilting machine or jacquard loom, or it can be hand-stitched. Coverlets and pillow shams are frequently made from masalaasse.
- Cloque: With a blistered or puckered appearance, this fabric has a jacquard weave. It typically comes in wool, silk, or cotton blends and imitates tapestries.
- Silk Jacquard: The most opulent jacquard material is silk. Silk-infused jacquard fabrics are frequently used to create more intricate tapestries and brocade patterns.
- Cotton Jacquard: Cotton-based jacquard fabrics are produced on jacquard looms. This technique is used to produce the most affordable fabrics. Cotton is a great substitute for linen jacquard fabrics because it is less complicated.
- Wool Jacquard: Tapestries can be made beautifully with wool jacquard fabrics. Due to their insulating qualities, they are frequently used to create cold-weather apparel like gloves and sweaters.
- Synthetic Jacquard: A less expensive option to cotton, silk, or wool is synthetic jacquard. However, despite being reasonably priced, this fabric is of poor quality and may have a negative effect on the environment.
How Is Jacquard Made?
Using a Jacquard loom, textile manufacturers create jacquard fabric. While using a Jacquard loom to weave fabric is a universal process, a wide range of different textile fibers can be used to create this fabric. The basic steps required to create a finished piece of jacquard fabric are outlined below:
Acquire The Textile Material
Each type of textile material sold today is purchased using a different technique. For instance, mature cotton seeds are encircled by clumps of fluffy fiber, which are used to make cotton. On the other hand, wool is obtained by shearing wool-producing animals. By heating and subjecting cellulose, petroleum, or another substance to various chemical reactions, textile manufacturers create synthetic fibers.
Spin It Into Yarn
Fabric producers spin the raw material into yarn after producing the basic textile fiber. Yarn can be spun in a variety of different thicknesses, and in some cases, textile producers subject yarn to post-spinning treatments that increase its tensile strength or heat resistance. Textile yarn frequently undergoes dyeing.
Program The Computerized Jacquard Loom
Textile producers select Jacquard loom programs after acquiring the desired types of yarn. For computerized Jacquard looms, there are thousands of different weave patterns available, and new patterns can also be created. Selecting a program will set up the computerized Jacquard loom to weave the yarn in a specific pattern.
Feed The Yarn Into The Loom
Modern, computerized Jacquard looms frequently feed yarn into the weaving apparatus from a central location at the top of the loom. In order to create the desired pattern, the Jacquard loom arranges this yarn into a complicated web. Multiple pieces of fabric can be woven simultaneously on some computerized Jacquard looms.
Expose The Fabric To Post-production Treatments
Rarely, but occasionally, textile companies will dye their finished jacquard fabrics. The most common method used by textile manufacturers to add improved durability or heat resistance is to chemically treat entire finished fabric pieces.
Where Is Jacquard Made?
Do you know who the biggest manufacturer of jacquard is? To make jacquard, various textile fibers including wool, cotton, silk, and synthetic are used. The largest producer of finished cotton, silk, and synthetic fibers is China, which also produces the most jacquard.
Australia is the largest producer of wool, while India is the world’s top producer of raw cotton fiber. However, the nation typically sends its unfinished raw fibers or yarns to China.
How Are Jacquard Fabrics Used?
The majority of fabrics with intricate woven patterns are jacquard. There are a few different subtypes of this fabric, but each type of jacquard serves the same functions. Nowadays, jacquard is most frequently used to create curtains and drapes, but duvet covers with jacquard weaves are also fairly common.
Jacquard may be used less frequently by textile manufacturers to create formal clothing for men and women, such as ornamental dresses and patterned suits. Jacquard blouses and casual dresses are also fairly common.
Throw pillow covers and upholstery are two more non-apparel uses for jacquard. Jacquard gives otherwise ordinary pieces of furniture an air of elegance but is typically reserved for high-end, ornamental furniture and used less frequently on everyday sofas and chairs. Making intricate woven tapestries on jacquard looms is also much simpler.
How Much Does Jacquard Fabric Cost?
The cost of intricately woven fabrics has decreased significantly since the Jacquard loom was developed. Jacquard fabric is currently only slightly more expensive than comparable woven textiles made with the same kinds of fibers. With increasing complexity, Jacquard fabric prices rise.
How to Care for Jacquard Fabric?
What is jacquard and how should it be cared for? A variety of fibers are used to create jacquard. As a result, the care instructions will vary depending on the fabric type. For instance, some jacquard fabrics can be washed, while others need to be dry-cleaned.
You can hand wash or machine wash at 30 degrees if the jacquard you are holding is robust and sturdy. However, refrain from using any bleaching agents as this could harm the fabric. Delicate jacquard fabrics, on the other hand, favor dry cleaning. This also holds true for fabric that has metallic yarn, beadwork, or other elaborate embellishments.
It’s also a good idea to hang your fabric to dry out of the sun. It may also be spread out on a table to dry. Just watch that you don’t wring it. Additionally, when pressing jacquard, you should be cautious. To prevent fabric damage, it’s a good idea to iron on the fabric’s wrong side.
What Effects Does Jacquard Fabric Have On The Environment?
Do you have any questions about the environmental effects of jacquard? So, depending on the type of textile fiber used to make this fabric, different environmental effects result. An example of a textile that is not environmentally friendly is a jacquard made of synthetic fibers. This is so because toxic chemicals are present in synthetic fibers.
However, environmentally friendly jacquard fabrics made from wool and silk fibers are available. However, it’s possible that producing wool while contributing to soil erosion and animal cruelty is not really environmentally friendly.
Cotton can be grown using organic and sustainable practices despite being biodegradable. Be sure to buy natural, organic, and sustainable jacquard fabric when shopping.
What Distinguishes Jacquard, Brocade, And Damask Fabrics From One Another?
Jacquard, brocade, and damask are all terms that are sometimes used to refer to fabrics or apparel. Although these three terms are closely related, they also have some significant distinctions.
- Jacquard: this refers to any fabric that uses a jacquard loom to weave a pattern directly into the material.
- Brocade: while this style of fabric technically predates jacquard, today’s brocade is made using the jacquard loom. In common parlance, the term “brocade” refers to a particular type of jacquard that uses additional threads to raise a pattern, giving it an embossed or embroidered appearance. Brocade fabrics are not reversible due to the method of production, and the underside may look rough or unfinished.
- Damask: another type of jacquard, damask uses a ground of one weave and designs of another weave to create a fabric with opposite patterns on each side. Damask, which can be reversed, is used frequently for tablecloths, unlike brocade.
Conclusion: What Is Jacquard Fabric?
Jacquard is something you should try now that you are aware of what it is. There is no denying that jacquard is a beautiful fabric with well-liked designs and patterns. For people who want to stand out and for fashion designers who want to develop their talents, jacquards are ideal. Cotton and silk jacquard fabrics will work if you want something lightweight.
You can dress in a jacquard dress for a casual look or in a cotton jacquard suit for a professional appearance. Wool matelassé makes the ideal winter clothing, while an embroidered jacquard is great for a social event. There is no excuse for you not to include this fabric in your wardrobe when there are so many different ways to wear it.
Is Jacquard Fabric Cotton Or Silk?
When a decorative pattern is woven into the fabric using a jacquard loom, the term “jacquard” is used to describe it. Typically made of cotton, these designs can range from basic florals to very large, intricate patterns.
Why is Jacquard Fabric Expensive?
Prior to the invention of the Jacquard loom, weaving complex ornamental fabrics like brocade and damask was highly time-consuming. Because of their high price and limited availability to the elite, these fabrics were extremely expensive.
Is Jacquard Fabric Soft?
Any semblance of cotton, material, fleece, and mix are genuinely delicate, so Clothing with a jacquard texture made of these materials, such as shirts, pullovers, tops, skirts, and jeans, is typically thought to be delicate to wear next to the skin.
Can You Wash Jacquard Fabric?
Cold water, gentle cycle, and no-bleach detergent are all acceptable washing methods. For the best outcomes, hang dry. Use a wet cotton pressing cloth to iron on the cotton setting. Do not dry clean.