I’ll go over the characteristics, types, and uses of the jersey fabric, how to take care of it, and any other useful information.
What are a variety of everyday clothes like T-shirts, vests, jumpers, pajamas, dresses, and a host of others typically made of? Jersey is a fabric knitted on a unique machine rather than woven on a loom.
Over time, knit clothing has established itself as a wardrobe mainstay because it is soft, stretchy, and perfect for everything from bed sheets to t-shirts. Therefore, we are here today to fill you in on all things jersey fabric.
What is Jersey Fabric?
A knit fabric called jersey is frequently used in clothing. Historically, wool was used to make most jersey fabrics, but nowadays cotton and synthetic fabrics are more frequently used to make jersey clothing. While many athletic jerseys are made with jersey fabric, the fabric “jersey” is different from the garment “athletic jersey.”
Jersey is a well-liked fabric for underwear, T-shirts, and other items that you wear close to your skin because of its high degree of stretch and tight-knit. Although the jersey is lightweight, it is not particularly insulative or durable, making it perfect as a base layer under thicker, more durable clothing.
Although it has a completely opaque, tight-knit structure, the jersey is very breathable and highly absorbent. The attractive drape that this structure gives jersey varies in intensity depending on the material used, and it adds to its appeal.
History of Jersey Fabric
The development of the knitting machine at the end of the 16th century revolutionized the way knitted fabric was made. Born in Calverton, Nottinghamshire, William Lee was a member of the clergy. He developed a revolutionary mechanical device (the stocking frame knitting machine) by observing how some local hand knitters moved their fingers.
Items of exceptional quality and elegance can be produced by modern knitwear factories. Industrial concerns are based on ongoing innovation and traditional craftsmanship.
Depending on the processes used to create each piece of knitwear, the machines can be divided into a wide variety of classes. Jersey stitch, also known as “plain knit” or “garter stitch”, is the simplest technique.
What is Jersey Made From?
Although cotton and synthetic fibers have since replaced wool as the primary fabric used to create jerseys, wool was still the original fabric of choice.
Synthetic fibers increased the fabric’s durability while cotton jersey reduced the cost of the material. Today, cotton and synthetic fibers are typically blended to create jerseys.
How is Jersey Fabric Made?
Depending on the kinds of fibers it contains, the manufacturing process used to create Jersey fabric varies greatly. For instance, textile manufacturers obtain wool from the coats of sheep, goats, and other animals as animal products.
Contrarily, cotton is a plant product made from the soft exteriors of seed pods. By combining different chemicals, synthetic fibers—which can also be found in jersey fabric—are made into usable textile materials.
However, the process for knitting jersey fabric is the same regardless of the type of fiber it contains. When making a jersey, the yarn is first loaded into an automated knitting machine, whether it be made of cotton, wool, or synthetic materials. However, this method is labor-intensive and ineffective. It is also possible to knit a jersey by hand.
The distinctive, tightly knit structure of jersey fabric is produced by the knitting machine after it twists and combines the yarn. When finished, jersey fabric resembles a latticework of vertically twisted yarns joined by horizontally untwisted yarns.
Some yarn used to make jersey clothing is colored before it is knit, while in other cases, the fabric is colored by textile manufacturers after it has been finished. To enhance the look or toughness of jersey fabric, textile manufacturers may also use flame retardants or other finishing treatments.
Types of Jersey Fabric
The name “jersey” refers to the way the fabric is produced: knitted on a special circular knitting machine. A wide variety of jersey fabric types are produced using various techniques.
- Single jersey (Tricot): There is a right side (face) and a wrong side (reverse) to traditional single jersey fabric. On a single bed, it is knitted using a single set of needles. For greater elasticity, elastane is frequently used in the production process. The bi-elastic fabric is called a single jersey. This indicates that it has a four-way stretch in both directions.
- Double Jersey (Ponte di Roma): Two sets of needles are used on two needle beds to knit a double jersey fabric. It is a fabric with two reversible sides that can be used either way. Despite only having a crosswise stretch, the Ponte di Roma jersey is more stable than a single jersey. Double jersey drapes are better than single jersey and have a more finished appearance due to their two layers. It is worn with suits, blazers, and traditional trousers and skirts.
- Interlock jersey: Double-faced interlock jersey fabric has knit stitching on both sides. This fabric has a particularly compact appearance due to the typically very tight stitches and fine yarn. Compared to the single jersey, the interlock is more durable, and its raw or cut edges do not curl. Baby clothes are especially popular with consumers.
- Jacquard Jersey: Another double-face fabric is jacquard jersey fabric. Jacquard designs, including patterns, reliefs, etc., are created using special stitches.) that are knitted in the cloth, not printed. In comparison to other jersey fabrics, the jacquard jersey has less stretch, but it has a fantastic drape and intricate working.
- Stretch jersey: This term refers to jersey fabrics that have a small amount of elastane added and are made from cotton or other fiber yarns. Sportswear is a great application for this fabric because it has more stretch and recovery.
- Slub jersey: Because slub yarn is irregular, it creates a textured pattern when it is used to weave jersey fabric.
Characteristics of Jersey
Jersey is a multipurpose and adaptable fabric with many characteristics that make it a great fabric for everyday use. Jersey is:
- Stretchy. A great option for items that need to move, the jersey-knit fabric is stretchy due to its knitted structure. Stretch jerseys can also be produced by adding spandex.
- Soft. Jersey is smooth and soft, making it comfortable to wear.
- Opaque. As a result of being knit, jersey fabric is opaque because it prevents light from passing through by bringing the fibers closer together.
- Absorbent and breathable. Since cotton is a very absorbent and breathable fabric, the cotton jersey is king here. Daily-use clothing, such as t-shirts, is best suited for cotton jerseys and cotton blends.
- Well-structured. Although it does depend on the fabric’s fiber composition, most jersey fabrics have a nice drape. Compared to cotton-jersey fabric, which tends to have more structure, viscose or silk jerseys have a much smoother drape.
Uses for Jersey Fabric
One of the most well-liked and functional fabrics used today is jersey. Some of the most popular items made from jerseys include:
- T-shirts and tank tops. Since knit fabrics like jerseys are opaque, stretchy, and absorbent, they are frequently used to create t-shirts due to their excellent comfort and usefulness.
- Sweats. Because of its stretch, softness, and absorbency, jersey fabric is commonly used to create sweatpants and sweatshirts.
- Bedsheets. Because they are so soft and absorbent, jersey sheets are very well-liked.
- Underwear. The stretch and absorbency of jersey fabric make it ideal for use in undergarments, which is why so many of them are made from it.
- Sportswear and athleisure. Jersey is an excellent fabric for athletic activities due to its stretch and absorbency. However, team uniforms today, which are usually referred to as “jerseys,” are not always made from jersey material—they are named that way because they were often originally made from jerseys.
How to Care for Jersey Fabric?
The best way to ensure that your handmade garment lasts is to take good care of it after you’ve finished making it. One characteristic of jersey fabric is that, depending on the material from which it is made, especially cotton, it may shrink. Follow these instructions for caring for jersey fabric.
- Change the washing machine’s water temperature to cool or cold. The fabric won’t shrink as a result of this.
- Use a gentle detergent and a regular cycle.
- As long as you dry it on a low or medium heat setting, you can do so in the dryer. For cotton jersey that is prone to shrinking, low heat is best. A polyester jersey can withstand medium heat. Simply avoid using high heat because it might cause the fabric to shrink or become damaged.
- Although ironing is typically not necessary, you can do so if necessary by using the cotton setting. If you don’t remove it from the dryer when it’s finished, you’ll probably only have to iron it once.
Conclusion: Jersey Fabric
In reality, looms are not used to weave jersey fabric. It is made of knitted fabric, which is created by weaving a single yarn through needles, hooks, or knitting machines to create loops that are arranged next to one another in a row.
Because of its softness and amount of inherent stretch, jersey fabric is favored. While all jersey fabrics are knit materials, different types of jersey fabric have various characteristics.
Is Jersey Fabric Good for Summer?
Often blended with cotton to make a rugged yet lightweight material, the jersey is an excellent choice for summer clothing as it won’t weigh the wearer down and is also extremely flexible. It offers excellent levels of comfort and can therefore be incorporated into most designs.
What is the Difference Between Cotton and Jersey?
A type of knit fabric called jersey cotton is renowned for its plush, comfortable feel and unpretentious appearance. Moreover, the fabric is noticeably stretchy. Although knitted cotton lacks the flexibility of traditional cotton, it still has an elastic quality despite not containing any synthetic fibers like elastane or spandex.
Is Jersey Material Hot Or Cold?
The beauty of a jersey knit fabric is that it’s comfortable and warm. Moreover, the new wool is much more resilient than the old wool. These contemporary jersey knits do not allow for adequate airflow or adequate moisture evaporation, which is a regrettable drawback.