Do you know what is twill weave? This is a complete guide to twill weaving, one of the textile weaves.
By taking the weft thread over two or more warp threads, the twill weave produces a diagonal pattern that gives it its name. Due to the two colors used in the weave, denim fabric is a common example of twill weaving and is simple to spot.
Due to the specific type of weaving used on them, twill fabrics have recognizable diagonal patterns. Currently, let’s discuss twill weave.
What is Twill Weave?
Twill is one of 3 main types of textile weaves. It is made possible by a weave in which the warp threads are repeatedly offset by one or more, giving rise to a diagonal rib in the fabric. The primary fabric used for workwear and pants is one with a diagonal weave because it produces a fabric that is incredibly strong and stain-resistant.
One of the best-known and most widely used twill weave fabrics is denim. Look down to see if you are wearing a pair of jeans right now. The fabric has very small diagonal ribs that catch the light to create an interesting texture.
Types of Twill Weaves
For various purposes, different twill types have been developed. This type of weave is very interesting and varied, ranging from simple to heavier twills.
- Lightweight Twill: A lightweight twill is used for scarves and neckties and is made of silk or polyester. They are also used as linings for other clothing and for lingerie. Although the fabric is light, the twill weave gives it strength and longevity. Challis is a light to medium-weight wool or rayon twill fabric. A beautiful drape and lack of wrinkling characterize challis.
- Heavyweight Twill: Serge, a thicker twill with a smooth surface, is used to make durable outerwear. This robust twill is used to make trench coats. The town of Serge de Nimes in southern France is where serge was first created. The fabric that has come to be known as denim bears the name of De Nimes.
- Broken Twill Weave: The name of this twill does not mean it is damaged in any way. The alternating weave pattern is referred to as broken twill.
- Diamond Twill Weave: Diamond twill is the weave commonly used for rugs. When the entire rug or piece of fabric is viewed, the diamond pattern is visible. Viewing the woven forms placed parallel to one another allows one to see the diamonds.
- Diaper Twill Weave: To create the original cloth diaper, a more intricate diamond pattern was woven into the fabric.
- Elongated Twill Weave: In order to create the longer twill pattern, more weft threads are crossed over the single warp thread, resulting in an elongated twill weave pattern.
- Herringbone Twill Weave: The herringbone variety of twill is derived from twill and considered to be its own fabric because of the zigzag pattern, known as herringbone. It is easier to see the pattern in the weave because the warp and weft threads are different colors.
- Natural Twill Weave: Natural twill is made from organic materials like cotton, as the name suggests. In sewing, natural twill is used to make a twill tape that can be used for stabilization as well as labels.
- Shaded Twill Weave: The weaving of three twills in a specific cycle results in a shaded twill. The cycle moves from using a weft-faced weave to a warp-faced weave and interchanging the warp and weft. Different bands of color appear and disappear as you repeat the cycle of the pattern.
- Synthetic Twill Weave: Polyester and other synthetic textiles are used to create the synthetic twill. For suit linings, this is the most typical twill fabric.
- Zigzag Twill Weave: The diagonal pattern that distinguishes twill weaving and is produced by this weave is its most prevalent feature.
Features of Twill Weave
The main feature of twill weave are mentioned below:
- On the fabric’s face, a twill weave is identified by diagonal warp and weft float lines.
- Twill lines can run from the lower lift to the upper right corner (Z-twill) or from the lower lift to the upper lift corner (S-twill).
- The smaller repeat twill is (3). It means using three picks and at least one end to create a twill weave.
- Three or more head shafts are required for shedding.
- For twill weaves, a straight draft is typically used in addition to a pointed or v draft.
- From both sides of the fabric, the appearance of the design is visible.
- In a continuous or regular twill, diagonal lines are run at an angle of between 15 and 75 degrees.
- On both the inside and outside of the fabric, twill lines form.
Factors Affecting the Prominence of Twill Weave
The following factor affect the prominence of twill weave-
Feature of Weave
The prominence of the twill line on the feature of the weave in the following ways;
- Short floats have twill lines that are less noticeable.
- Long float’s twill line is more obvious.
Characteristic of Yarn
It influences the twill line as below:
- More pronounced twill line; twill off course; softly twisted yarn.
- Twill made from finer, more twisted yarn; less obvious twill line.
Thread Per Inch (TPI)
Twill lines become more pronounced when there are more ends or picks per inch.
The Direction of Twill Line in Relation to Yarn Twist Direction:
When the direction of the twill on the fabric is opposite to the direction of the twist in the yarn the twill line becomes more prominent and vice-versa.
Advantages of Twill Weave Fabrics
Twill is flexible due to its diagonal structure even though it is heavy and typically drapes well. It is considered a strong and durable weave.
Unlike a plain weave which has both sides equal, a twill weave usually has a different front and backside. The technical face and technical back of a twill fabric are the two sides, respectively, of the fabric. The fabric’s “fashion side” is frequently the front side, also known as the “technical face,” which is the side that is visible during weaving.
Stains on twill weave fabrics are less noticeable. They also don’t wrinkle as much as fabrics with plain weave. Compared to plain weave or satin weave fabrics, twill fabric is more supple and durable.
Twill fabrics are used for a variety of things because of their adaptability and durability, including upholstery, bed and bath linen, bed and work clothing, and general and work clothing.
How to Care for Twill Weave?
Twill fabric is renowned for its strength and convenience in maintenance. People who need durable outdoor clothing are drawn to it. Twill weave fabrics do not crease easily and a quick steam iron or low-heat tumble dry is enough to take out the wrinkles.
The washing machine or a spot-cleaning solution works well on twill. Since everyday clothing must be simple to care for, twill is a natural choice. The ability of twill to be an easy-care fabric is what makes it so popular for jeans and chinos.
Conclusion: Twill Weave
Twill weave in different natural or synthetic threads, and make up the majority of outdoor clothing -the types of outdoor clothing that reminds us of walks in the countryside in the crisp autumn breeze or the rough and tough wear on the latest safari.
Printing on twills is uncommon because the weave already has a unique texture that some people find interesting.
What is the Twill Weave Gives the Fabric?
By taking the weft thread over two or more warp threads, the twill weave produces a diagonal pattern that gives it its name. Due to the two colors used in the weave, denim is a good example of a fabric that uses twill weaving and is therefore simple to identify.
What is An Example of a Twill Weave?
Denim, Satin, Tweed, Gabardine, and Serge are the most popular fabrics with a twill weave. Heavyweight twill fabric is ticking. Another twill weave fabric is sacking.