What is Upholstery Fabric? A Complete Explanation

What is Upholstery Fabric? A Complete Explanation

This upholstery fabric guide will explore the various varieties of upholstery fabric as well as factors to take into account when choosing upholstery fabrics.

Fabric or textiles used as upholstery for furniture are called that. Cotton, linen, wool, leather, acetate, hemp, silk, polyester, polypropylene, acrylic, rayon, and nylon are among the various upholstery fabric types. One type of yarn or a combination of yarns can be used to make upholstery fabric.

Let’s examine what upholstery fabric is, how it differs from other types of fabric, and which choices are most common.

What is Upholstery Fabric?

It can be confusing to sort through all the various names and types of fabric with so many options. Everything you need to know about upholstery fabric will be covered in this post.

The cushioned covering for a piece of furniture is made of upholstery fabric. The term “upholstery” describes the webbing, springs, and stuffing used to create chairs, sofas, and other cushioned furniture.

So, to summarize, upholstery fabric is the fabric used to cover soft furniture. The fabric adds a decorative finish, conceals the stuffing, and keeps everything in place.

Types of Upholstery Fabric

What is Upholstery Fabric? A Complete Explanation
  • Cotton– a natural fiber preferred for its breathability and budget-friendly reputation. Cotton is excellent for those who prefer a soft feel, but it is easily faded and stained.
  • Wool– has a great texture and feel, this natural fiber is great for keeping its shape on furniture. Since it is less stain-resistant, it is typically treated with a stain treatment.
  • Linen– just like the other natural fibers, it is less resistant to stain. For heirloom items and printing designs, it is a fantastic option.
  • Silk– Silk is very pricey, high-end, and soft to the touch, but it shouldn’t be used for upholstery on furniture that will be used frequently.
  • Polyester– a synthetic fiber is known for being a little easier to clean than natural fibers. Some of the earliest synthetic materials utilized in the production of jacquard fabrics were polyesters.
  • Rayon– added softness when added to other natural and synthetic fibers but is not very durable in the long run.
  • Acrylic–a synthetic fiber that is very durable with colorfast and light fastness ratings higher than natural fibers and can be cleaned. Excellent for heavy use and was initially used as outdoor upholstery fabric.
  • Nylon– is known for having a higher abrasion resistance than synthetic fiber. It can be applied to regular upholstery.
  • Olefin– Synthetic fiber that is incredibly resilient, colorfast, and used for regular upholstery. Since olefin doesn’t require any special treatment to be stain-resistant, it is my preferred fiber. Olefin doesn’t chemically have any dye sites where stains could adhere to or absorb.

What to Consider When Buying Upholstery Fabric?

There are several parameters that go into account while purchasing upholstery fabric.


Can your upholstery fabric bear all kinds of pressure, weight, and wear and tear? If so, you made the best decision. You should change if not. Durability is a key factor in determining the longevity of upholstery fabric.

What is Upholstery Fabric? A Complete Explanation

Thread Count

Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch. While cushions ensure added comfort, what gives the soft lustrous feel is the thread count. To experience the feel of A-1 upholstery fabric, make sure to get one with the highest thread count. Thread count determines the level of softness of the upholstery fabric.


Choosing the right kind of material for upholstery is a game-changer. Different fiber types offer various levels of toughness, longevity, and experience. There are many different types of fiber, including silk, cotton, rayon, polyester, and wool.

Choose the right upholstery fabric based on your needs and preferences also taking into consideration your budget.

Soft Furnishings Vs Upholstery Fabric

It should not be confused with “soft furnishings,” which in the context of interior design typically refers to cushions and drapes. Since ancient times, upholstered furniture has been a fixture in homes, and it is still widely used today.

The craft has been valued since the Middle Ages, and a skilled upholsterer can completely change a piece of furniture. The ease and comfort of upholstered furniture also give you the option to change the appearance of your space.

Selecting the proper fabric is crucial because reupholstering a chair or sofa can be an expensive endeavor.

Cleaning upholstery fabrics needs some tips, and it is important to clean upholstery fabrics before using them for the first time, but don’t worry, we have provided you with a Upholstery Fabric Cleaning Guide. It can tell you how to clean different types of upholstery fabrics.

Conclusion: Upholstery Fabric

In terms of interior design and decoration, upholstery fabric is an essential component of furniture. Upholstery material will undoubtedly give the interiors a touch of class and elegance.

Nowadays, there are so many options that picking an upholstery fabric can be challenging. You could purchase synthetic or natural fabrics, but choosing the right fabric for the job will extend the life of your furniture.


Which Upholstery Fabric is Most Durable?

Synthetic microfiber is typically the most durable furniture fabric available in today’s market. The ultra-fine fibers in microfiber are what give this material its durability. To build a strong layer of defense, these fibers are tightly woven.

What is a Cheap Alternative for Upholstery Fabric?

Drop cloths are another fabulous way to get a huge piece of fabric for cheap. Because it is so sturdy, a drop cloth is ideal for furniture upholstery and home decor. It is likewise incredibly affordable. The majority of drop cloths have the lovely appearance of natural linen, but you can also bleach or dye them for a different look.

What Fabric Lasts the Longest on Couches?

The sofa fabrics with the most durability will be cotton, linen, wool, polyester, and olefin. When linen is wet, it gets stronger and doesn’t pill. All of these fabrics have a tendency to hold up better over time and endure wear and tear than other types of fabrics.

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