Read on to learn the answer to the question “What is velvet fabric?” Along with its history, you’ll discover how to use this lovely and opulent fabric in your clothing line.
The term “velvety” means soft, and it takes its meaning from its namesake fabric: velvet. The luxurious fabric’s smooth nap and shiny appearance epitomize luxury. Velvet has long been a staple of interior design and fashion, and because of its upscale appearance and feel, it is the perfect fabric for sophisticated design.
Today, we’ll learn about the most popular varieties of velvet, their benefits, and drawbacks, as well as how to maintain and care for velvet.
What is Velvet Fabric?
An elegant, plush fabric known for its use in upholstery, intimate apparel, and other textile applications is velvet. Velvet is frequently associated with the aristocracy because it was once extremely expensive to produce velvet textiles.
Even though the majority of contemporary velvet is made from cheap synthetic materials, this particular fabric is still among the most supple and elegant man-made materials ever created.
History of Velvet
Velvet fabric is first mentioned in writing in the 14th century, and previous scholars generally thought that this textile was first produced in East Asia before traveling through Europe on the Silk Road.
Traditional forms of velvet were extremely well-liked because they were made from pure silk. Even though Asian silk was already very soft, the special manufacturing techniques used to create velvet produce a material that is even more lavish and sumptuous than other silk goods.
The Middle East was the primary market for velvet before the Renaissance brought it to Europe. Velvet was a preferred material for the region’s royalty, according to the records of numerous civilizations that existed within the borders of what is now modern Iraq and Iran, for example.
How is Velvet Fabric Made?
Although velvet can be made from a variety of materials, the process is the same no matter what type of base fabric is used. Only a special kind of loom that spins two layers of fabric at once can weave velvet. Following the separation of these fabric layers, the rolls of fabric are wound up.
Although velvet and velveteen are produced using different types of yarn (vertical for velvet and horizontal for velveteen), most of the same techniques are used to create both types of textiles. However, velveteen is frequently blended with regular cotton yarn, which degrades its quality and alters its texture.
Unraveled silkworm cocoons are spun into yarn to create silk, one of the most widely used velvet materials. Petrochemicals are transformed into filaments to create synthetic textiles like rayon. One of these yarn varieties can be dyed or treated after being woven into velvet fabric, depending on the intended use.
Types of Velvet Fabric
Velvet can be woven from a wide range of materials using a wide range of techniques, leading to the existence of numerous different types of velvet fabrics.
- Crushed velvet. As the name suggests, crushed velvet has a “crushed” look that is achieved by twisting the fabric while wet or by pressing the pile in different directions. The material has a distinctive texture and a patterned, shiny appearance.
- Panne velvet. For panne velvet, a type of crushed velvet, intense pressure is used to push the pile in one direction. The same pattern can be seen in knit fabrics like velour, which is not actually velvet and is typically made of polyester.
- Embossed velvet. A heat stamp is used to apply pressure to velvet, pushing down the piles to create a pattern and producing embossed velvet, a printed fabric. Popular upholstery velvet materials used in interior design and home decor include embossed velvet.
- Ciselé. Some looped threads are cut, while others are left uncut, to create the velvet with this pattern.
- Plain velvet. Cotton velvet is most often plain velvet. It is heavy, has very little stretch, and lacks the sheen of velvet made of silk or other artificial fibers.
- Stretch velvet. With the addition of spandex to the weave, stretch velvet becomes more elastic and flexible.
- Pile-on-pile velvet. This particular velvet has piles with a pattern made of piles of various lengths. This type of velvet is typically found in upholstery fabric.
What Are the Pros and Cons of Velvet as a Fabric?
The Advantages of Velvet
- Alkali resistance, chemical resistance, pest resistance, and mold resistance are a few examples of these desirable chemical resistance traits.
- Along with having a smooth and elastic handle, the texture is also soft, thin, and translucent. Wearing it on the body is convenient and fashionable.
- Additionally, after undergoing high-temperature shrinkage, the material is difficult to deform and wrinkle.
- Excellent physical characteristics include high fiber strength, wear resistance, and durability.
- It has a sleek, airy appearance, good air permeability, and a thick, plump, smooth, and supple drape.
- the texture, plush feel, delicate sheen, wear-resisting and robust, good warmth, and a ton of flexibility.
- It has a silky texture and an opulent appearance. It goes well with many different types of interior design.
- In terms of aesthetic value, it is an extremely conducive accessory that is ideal for use during the cold seasons
Disadvantages of Velvet
- The first is that velvet is a delicate fabric and could quickly degrade with use.
- Compared to cleaning other fabrics, this one can be more challenging. Any abrasion to the fabric will destroy the texture, and it is highly dust-absorbing.
Uses of Velvet Fabric
Comfort and elegance are at the heart of velvet’s appeal in both interior and exterior design. It looks more upscale than other soft fabrics like corduroy and chenille just based on aesthetics and physicality.
It is not only soft and cozy to use, but it is also remarkably resilient, making it a classic item to have in your house or your wardrobe.
But what is the purpose of velvet? The best velvet clothing is made into drapery evening gowns that draw attention to themselves in a room. Because silk is incorporated into it, it has a more upscale appearance when used to make dresses.
Velvet can be made more useful for everyday use, though, by blending it with fibers like cotton, linen, mohair, and other natural materials.
What is Velvet Used For:
- Clothing including evening dresses
- Home Decor
How to Care for Velvet Fabric?
Even though caring for velvet doesn’t require much scientific knowledge, it still requires thoughtful decision-making. Always choose mild and gentle cleaners, solutions, and detergents when caring for velvet as a general rule. It is best to abide by the laundry symbol instructions provided with the fabric or materials if they are provided.
In most cases, velvet is a fabric that can be worn repeatedly without needing to be washed. However, it is best to hand wash velvet gently in cold water rather than using a tumble dryer when you do wash it. Given that velvet is a delicate fabric, it is best to separate it from other coarse fabrics like denim. Use a gentle detergent designed for velvet.
Here is how to clean a velvet couch and its accessories:
- How to Care for a Velvet Couch?
- How to Clean a Velvet Couch?
- How to Wash Velvet Couch Covers?
- Can You Wash Velvet Pillow Covers?
Steam Don’t Iron
Whenever possible, avoid ironing velvet because doing so can damage the pile and leave shiny stains. A garment steamer is a purchase that can save you time, stress, and energy if you have a sizable collection of velvet clothing in your home and wardrobe.
If your velvets don’t necessarily have a stain on them, this is a great washing alternative. Because of their adaptability, steamers can also be used to remove creases from clothes made of any fabric.
Considering that velvet is a high-quality fabric made of a blend of natural and synthetic fibers, using specialized cleaning agents is the best way to maintain it.
Use gentle detergents that are chemically formulated for delicate fabric, including velvet, to get rid of stains. Although velvet is generally resistant to damage, any harsh chemicals can harm the pile and even lessen the silky shine.
You should first dilute the chemicals or solution in a bowl of cold water before performing a patch test on a less noticeable area of the fabric to ensure that it is the right one to use.
What is the Difference Between Velvet, Velveteen, and Velour?
All three types of velvet—velvet, velveteen, and velour—are soft, drapey materials, but their weave and makeup vary.
- Velour is a knitted fabric made from cotton and polyester that resembles velvet. In particular, leotards and tracksuits work well with it because it has more stretch than velvet.
- Velveteen pile is a much shorter pile than the velvet pile, and instead of creating the pile from the vertical warp threads, the velveteens pile comes from the horizontal weft threads. Compared to velvet, which is softer and smoother, velveteen is heavier, has less shine, and has a more draping appearance.
Conclusion: What is Velvet Fabric?
The weave known as velvet is made with other fibers, like silk, and is known for its deep, velvety shine. The more expensive the velvet is, the thicker and cleaner its pile or nap is.
In conclusion, velvet is a pricey fabric that requires maintenance to last. Velvet typically costs more than most fabrics because it is created using a careful combination of high-quality fabrics.
Is Velvet Just Polyester?
The term “velvet” actually refers to the weave, not the material. In actuality, practically any fiber can be used to create velvet fabrics. Traditionally made from silk, velvet is now more commonly made from synthetic fibers such as polyester for added durability.
What is Special About Velvet?
The main desirable attribute of velvet is its softness, so this textile is primarily used in applications in which fabric is placed close to the skin. Velvet is frequently used in home decor in items like curtains and throw pillows because it has a distinct visual allure.
Is Velvet Too Hot for Summer?
Velvet is a heavy, though breathable fabric, which means it will not trap heat against your skin and won’t make you feel too hot throughout the summer. Therefore, velvet skirts are a nice option for warmer weather.