Do you know where is Merino wool from? Read this blog and you can learn the history of Merino wool.
The best and softest wool available is Australian Merino. No other fiber, natural or artificial, can compare to its natural advantages.
Nothing else feels like Merino wool, looks like Merino wool, or wears like Merino wool, which is why fashion designers adore this exceptional fiber for its quality and adaptability.
Let’s find out where Merino wool is from.
Where is Merino Wool From?
In Spain, Merino sheep were developed, and their fine wool was highly valued. The first Merino sheep descended from the renowned Royal Merino Flocks of Spain, arrived in Australia in 1797.
Although these sheep had already developed a fine fiber, further selective breeding by Australian farmers quickly produced the genuine Australian Merino with its even finer wool.
Australian Merino wool has played a significant role in global fashion and still does. Wool has historically been used primarily in utilitarian clothing, such as work clothes and military uniforms because of its high resilience.
However, wool got its big break in the fashion world in the decade that followed World War I when Coco Chanel changed the game and created a dress from a fine wool jersey. Wool has been used in clothing ever since.
Another fashion revolution known as “The New Look” was ushered in with the end of the Second World War. In response to the rationing and shortages experienced during the war, the House of Christian Dior introduced the excessive use of wool fabric in clothing designs.
How Did Merino Wool Become Popular?
A young Karl Lagerfeld won first place in the coat category of the International Wool Secretariat competition in Paris in 1954, while a young Yves Saint Laurent won first and third place in the dress category.
Fashion history was made when Hubert de Givenchy and Pierre Balmain accepted their respective awards for their fashion designs.
The attributes of Merino wool have benefited traditional and well-liked styles over time. Merino wool is always in style, whether it’s in a little black dress, V-neck sweater, or finely tailored suit.
In order to create high-quality Merino wool clothing and educate consumers about its natural benefits, fashion designers and wool producers continue to collaborate with the best textile producers today.
How is Merino Wool Made?
Australian wool producers use environmentally friendly farming methods to raise Merino sheep that yield the finest wool in the world.
Merino wool is a natural fiber grown year-round by Merino sheep consuming a simple blend of natural ingredients including sunshine, water, fresh air, and grass, unlike synthetics which are industrially produced from non-renewable fossil energy. Since these sheep produce fresh fleece each year, wool is a completely renewable material.
Wool is made of keratin, a natural protein that is also present in human hair, along with a small amount of calcium, sodium, and fat. It is thought to be the oldest animal fiber still in existence. Each fiber has scales on its surface that are crucial for the creation of felt and conventional woolen fabrics.
Merino Wool Farming
Australian farmers are justifiably proud of their tradition of excellence because they have made significant improvements in the production of Merino wool over the past 200 years.
With over 60,000 Australian farmers and many tens of thousands more working in the industry, this most Australian industries continue to support many rural and regional communities. The majority of farms are still run and owned by families, with special talents and a strong sense of pride being passed down from generation to generation.
The world’s most sophisticated wool industry is found in Australia.
No other nation has such a well-developed, transparent, and effective wool marketing system, as well as a trained and registered workforce of over 20,000 wool classers who prepare clean, white Merino wool for processors around the world and almost every bale of exported Merino wool that is accompanied by objective laboratory test results.
Due to Australia’s sophisticated systems, consumers can be confident in the origin and caliber of the Merino wool used in the clothes they purchase. Wool can even be traced back to the farm from which it was produced.
Merino Wool Vs. Cashmere
- Merino sheep produce the finest wool for upscale clothing and technical sportswear. Merino wool is derived from these sheep.
- Goat hair is the source of cashmere.
- Some ultrafine Merino wools now rival cashmere in natural fineness thanks to years of creative breeding.
- Australia, which provides 81% of the world’s superfine wool, is where the best Merino wool in the world is produced by wool farmers who follow sustainable farming methods.
- China and Mongolia are the main sources of cashmere.
- One sheep produces about 4.5 kilograms of wool fleece, whereas one goat only produces 0.2 to 0.3 kilograms of cashmere down fibers.
- Many wool garments can be washed in the washing machine, making Merino wool very simple to maintain.
Conclusion: Where is Merino Wool From?
Australian farms with Merino sheep produce the natural fiber known as Merino wool all year long.
Southern Australia’s highlands and Alps and New Zealand’s extremes are home to Merinos. Their ability to survive in a natural environment where the temperature fluctuates between -20°C in the winter and 35°C in the summer is the source of their fleece.
Why is Merino Wool So Expensive?
This a good question but quite simple really: it’s a naturally produced and harvested but relatively rare commodity that has significant costs associated with it. Merino Wool grows “really” slowly.
Is Merino Wool Only from New Zealand?
While it’s not native to New Zealand, we have become a global leader in its farming and its cultivation of wool and leather products. A recent study discovered that New Zealand produces more than 40% of the world’s Merino wool, a staggering percentage given our size and population.
What’s So Special About Merino Wool?
One of the reasons that Merino wool is so popular is its warmth relative to weight. The fabric is warmer than a synthetic of the same weight because it has a natural loft that traps heat very effectively between the fibers. But because Merino wool does a great job of regulating body temperature, it’s also useful in hot weather.